Honduras tops the list of nations with the highest murder rates according to a cutting edge United Nations document just released (© March 2014).
And five other countries in Central America and South America made the top 10 list (note that the global homicide rate is 6.2 per 100,000):
Honduras has the world’s highest murder rate, according to a United Nations report released on Thursday.
There were 90.4 homicides per 100,000 people in Honduras in 2012, according to this year’s report from the U.N. Office of Drugs and Crime.
The report analyzes the intentional homicides of about 437,000 people around the world in that year.
Here’s the top 10:
Honduras: 90.4 (per 100,000)
El Salvador: 41.2
Saint Kitts and Nevis: 33.6
South Africa: 31.0
Central American rates are four times higher (> 24/100,000).
Here’s the entire 2014 pdf document:
San Pedro Sula, Honduras, where some of my asylum seekers hailed from, is the murder capital of the world with three killings a day (169 homicides per 100,000 residents).
Thirty-nine of the 50 cities on the list are in Latin America.
Femicide has skyrocketed in Honduras with high numbers in San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa:
Violence against women and girls is very high throughout Central America:
In Central America, women killed ‘with impunity’ just because they’re women
Half of the countries with very high femicide rates are in Latin America, according to a 2012 report by the Small Arms Survey often cited by United Nations officials and women’s rights advocates.
I have worked with many victims of violence (various kinds including femicide and domestic violence). I’ll review some of the data at my presentation at the New York State Psychological Association’s Annual Conference on May 31, 2014:
Diversity in Private Practice: Working with Female Victims of Violence Seeking Asylum
To petition asylum, an applicant must show past persecution or fear of future persecution based on one of five enumerated grounds: race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, and political opinion. Domestic violence represents a relatively new basis for asylum. Widespread abuses occur in many Latin American countries and victims increasingly escape to the U.S. Several vignettes delineate ordeals experienced by victims who underwent psychological evaluations in asylum proceedings and were diagnosed with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The presentation contrasts PTSD in the DSM-IV-TR with the new DSM-5 version and considers possible implications in asylum cases.
For the full 77th Annual Convention description of programs see:
With hardship cases and removals, you can imagine the anguish of families affected and torn apart and worrying about – among many other things including work and financial security, health, and schooling – the safety of a loved one. It’s not just high murder rates. We are looking at high crime rates and victimization including threats, sequestrations, sexual assaults, and having to pay “rentas” or face violence to self or other family members (“rent” money = extortion). When mareros “smell” American money, they come by to collect the “rent” or bad things happen.